Whole Foods Market's Growth Strategies and Future Prospects

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Please note:

This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

Case Details:


Case Code : BSTR244 For delivery in electronic format: Rs. 400;
For delivery through courier (within India): Rs. 400 + Rs. 25 for Shipping & Handling Charges


Growth Strategy
Case Length : 22 Pages
Period : 1978-2006
Pub Date : 2007
Teaching Note : Available
Organization : Whole Foods Market
Industry : Retail
Countries : The US


Whole Foods Market was the biggest retailer of organic and natural foods in the world. It was also credited with popularizing natural and organic foods by becoming the first retailer to sell them under a supermarket format. Although WFM was not the only retailer selling natural and organic foods in the US, it was the most successful, with one of the strongest growth rates in the industry.

This case discusses the factors that contributed to WFM's success over the years. It talks about how the company grew by differentiating itself from competitors through its unique value proposition and commitment to natural foods.

It also talks about how WFM managed to build a strong brand by offering an unmatched in-store experience, and promoted itself by converting customers into brand ambassadors.

The case also analyses the unique aspects of the organizational culture at WFM, and how they might have helped the company in its growth. It also mentions the criticisms against WFM, especially with regard to its strategy of charging premium prices. The case concludes with a commentary on the future plans of WFM and the increasing competition from other retailers.


To examine the factors behind the growth and profitability of a major natural and organic foods retailer in the US.

To analyze the strategy adopted by the retailer to differentiate itself from the competition

To study how the retailer managed to create a valuable brand by providing an unmatched in-store experience.

To analyze how culture can be a source of competitive advantage for a company.

To study the future prospects of the retailer in light of increasing competition and its own shortcomings.

To suggest possible future courses of action through which the retailer can maintain an edge over the competition


  Page No.
Whole Foods Buys Wind Energy 1
Background 2
The Whole Foods Experience 4
Growth through Differentiation 5
Culture as a Source of Competitive Advantage 9
The Whole Paycheck? 11
Emulating Whole Foods 12
Outlook 13
Exhibits 15


Whole Foods Market, John Mackey, Growth strategy, Differentiation, Sustainability, Organic food, In-store ambience, Food-as-theater, Customer Brand Ambassador, Animal and Poultry Standards, Team-based management, Hiring Vote, Gainsharing, Wild Oats Market, Safeway Inc.

Whole Foods Buys Wind Energy - Next Page>>


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